Modernism in Terra Alta
We find ourselves at the end of the 19th century, when the plague of phylloxera·destroyed the first vineyards of the region and ruined a fundamental economic sector: wine production. Because of the ravages of the plague, it was necessary that join forces to overcome the created situation, clean up the vineyards and modernize the sector, therefore the cooperative movement was born.
They entrusted the construction of modernist wine cathedrals of Pinell de Brai (1918) and Gandesa (1919) to the architect Cèsar Martinell, a disciple of Gaudí. Of the many agricultural buildings designed by Martinell, the buildings of Gandesa and Pinell are the most monumental of all.
They are two unique buildings, with a aesthetic and characteristics that stand out above the rest of the existing buildings in both towns, and they have been restored recently. The use of exposed brick or the existence of impressive arches inspired by Gaudí to sustain the structure, make these buildings are authentic temples in honor of Dionís and Bacus.
These modernist agrarian architecture gems are the most visible element of a region with a great winemaking tradition.